Iup Law

This “nice charter” or Magna Carta of 1215 also required that the King’s entourage of judges maintain their courts and judgments at “a sure place” rather than allotting autocratic justice in unpredictable locations about the country. A concentrated and elite group of judges acquired a dominant role in law-making under this method, and in comparison with its European counterparts the English judiciary turned highly centralised. In 1297, for instance, while the highest courtroom in France had fifty-one judges, the English Court of Common Pleas had 5. This powerful and tight-knit judiciary gave rise to a systematised means of developing widespread law.

The idea of estoppel or culpa in contrahendo, can be utilized to create obligations throughout pre-contractual negotiations. The Classical republican idea of “civil society” dates back to Hobbes and Locke. Once accredited, a lawyer will often work in a law agency, in a chambers as a sole practitioner, in …